Waste Management

Waste Management is an important issue for Canadian cities, towns, and municipalities because of how Canadians produce so much garbage every day. It is important to have effective waste management techniques that can be used to help the Canadian government to effectively and adequately manage the waste in a such a way that it does not pollute the environment and that it provides green and sustainable ways of helping to properly dispose of or recycle the waste.

Several new recycling technologies are there that can help develop a sustainable waste management policy in Canada. Yet, for this to be achieved, it is extremely important to share knowledge among the stakeholders involved. In Canada, managing and reducing waste is a responsibility that is shared between the federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments. The main responsibility of collecting and managing the waste from the households to be used for disposal, recycling and composting goes to the municipal governments, while the approvals, licensing and monitoring of the waste management operations is the responsibility of the provincial and territorial authorities. There must be ample and effective communication between all these stakeholders to have more efficient waste management.

A greener and more efficient waste management

Several technologies can help Canada having a much greener and efficient waste management system. This can include having advanced municipal solid waste (MSW) recycling commercialization. Most of the garbage is made up of plastics, biomass materials, and metals that are mixed together and this prevents the waste management authorities to properly and economically divert them even if they are using the best curbside-recycling program. This is because most of the recycling solutions work with one material at a time, which is why mixed materials go to the landfills. New segregation technology being developed can allow for almost all of the garbage to be recycled, resulting in a near-complete elimination of landfills.

One of the most common and fastest growing solid waste materials is polystyrene, which is widely used in consumer products as well as commercial packaging. It is not currently being recycled and ends up in the landfills. Newer and future technologies are being developed that would work to break down such waste into useable waxes that have several industrial uses.

Another way to help in improvement in terms of greener and more efficient waste management is to use electrocoagulation and electro-oxidation for the tertiary treatment of municipal wastewater. Most of the Canadian municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been facing many issues because of increase in population as well as reduced infrastructure investment. These have resulted in the WWTPs to reach their design capacity limits. Other than that, the WWTPs are not able to remove residential nutrients, ammonia, and phosphate from the water, which end up going back into surface waters. These chemicals can cause many problems for the ecosystems, such as causing toxic algae blooms. However, electrocoagulation and electro-oxidation for the tertiary treatment of municipal wastewater can help make the environment safer and cleaner.

Discuss, hear and network with municipal leaders of Waste Management at IoT, Big Data Waste Management Summit next November 6th in Toronto. Read more.


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